130 years ago this month, a slave rebellion of unparalleled persistence began which resulted in the creation of the only nation ever to be founded and governed by former slaves and captives. That new nation, Haiti, was spawned in the blood of slaves, brought on by the cruelty and torture of their masters and by the unrelenting defiance of the subjugated population of the French colony of Saint-Domingue on the island of Hispaniola after over a century and a half of callous oppression to the point of sadism.